SEI Contact:

Sopon Naruchaikusol

Telephone: +66 2251 4415

Time-frame: 2012–2013

What Policy and Adaptive Capacity is Needed for Changing Land Use and Flood Management in Thailand? (FORIN project)

This project explores upstream and downstream communities’ adaptive capacity in relation to climate risks and variability, changing land use, property rights and access to natural resources.

In 2011, Thailand experienced severe flooding in the Northern, Northeast, and Central areas. The floods caused severe damage in many sectors, including agriculture and rural livelihoods. Nan Province is one of Thailand’s most important watershed areas, and contributes up to 45% of total water flow to the Sirikit dam and Chao Phaya River.

The continual expansion of cash crops such as maize, orchard and rubber plantation creates pressure to alter forest and land use. Climate variability and the conversion of forest area to plantation generates more severe floods, as well as heightened risks of soil erosion, landslides and flash floods during the rainy season.

This research proposes to explore both the experiences of upstream and downstream communities who rely on natural resources, having already encountered climate impacts environmentally and socioeconomically, and face further future climate risks and variability.

The goal is to better understand what constitutes resilience to socio-economic changes and multi-hazards and climate change, how they are interrelated, and how policy choices can affect them. The scenarios developed through this project will also support future community-based planning for adaptation and disaster risk reduction.