Hybrid accountability innovations for the Philippine oil palm industry

The research program on hybrid accountability is a five-year action research program led from the Stockholm Environment Institute and funded by the Swedish research council Formas. It aims to contribute to improvements in the accountability of multinational corporations and investors when engaging in the plantations sectors in South East Asia, specifically palm oil in the Philippines.

Hybrid accountability refers to the prospect of designing new remedies that work across local and international contexts and blend judicial instruments (coercive) with multi-stakeholder negotiated institutions (non-coercive).

The focus is on designing and testing institutional innovations to strengthen the access to remedies in local, national and international contexts. Other case studies may be added during the research process in collaboration with interested partners.

Key components of the program

  • Monitoring of the accountability of palm oil agro-industry in Palawan Island, the Philippines, with emphasis on environmental and livelihoods impacts;
  • Design of institutional innovations to increase accountability in supply chain management and investment banks, including grievance mechanisms;
  • Studies of the feasibility of instituting remedies in bilateral and multilateral trade agreements and investment treaties; and
  • Pilot studies on the opportunities for and barriers to strategic litigation in home states of transnational corporations involved in alleged abuses and environmental harm.