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New version of the Emissions Manual GAPForum Emssions manual

November 2012

A new release of the GAPForum Air Pollutant Emissions Inventory Preparation Manual is now available to download from this website.

The workbook has been updated to the more recent Microsoft Excel 2007 platform. Users of earlier versions of Excel will need to upgrade to run this version of the manual.

Goto the Manual Download page

Latest GAPForum Newsletter

September 2011

In this issue: When the ice begins to crack; Progress on short-lived climate forcers;Focus on nitrogen; GAP Forum manuals now online; News from the networks; The Arctic - time for action in the near-term

Download Newsletter (pdf)

Joint GAPForum meeting with IUAPPA

July 2011
Next GAP Forum Management Meeting to be held in conjunction with an IUAPPA meeting in Paris on:


New Monitoring and Health Manuals Published

July 2011
Go to the download page.

Black Carbon Assessment Report Released
Black Carbon Assessment

March 2011
The new United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)/World Meteorological Organization (WMO) Assessment of how to reduce the impact of black carbon and tropospheric ozone which adversely affect public health, crop yields and contribute to climate change.

The study commissioned by the United Nations, in consultation with international partners provides science-based advice on ways to cut the impacts of these pollutants. It was discussed at a UNEP Governing Council, Global Ministerial Environment Forum in Nairobi in March 2011 and will be launched on 5 June - World Environment Day

Along with methane, a major ozone precursor and a potent greenhouse gas, black carbon and tropospheric (ground level) ozone are known as short-lived climate forcers (SLCFs) as they have a limited lifetime in the atmosphere -- ranging from days to a decade – in comparison with carbon dioxide (CO2).

The UNEP/WMO Assessment is designed to link knowledge to action and science to policy, providing a scientifically credible basis for informed decision-making.
It is a comprehensive analysis of drivers of emissions, trends in concentrations, and impacts on climate, human health and ecosystems of BC, tropospheric O3 and its precursors.

Download the Summary (PDF) 2.3 Mbytes.

Major revision to Emissions Manual GAPForum Emssions manual

March 2011

A major new release of the GAPForum Air Pollutant Emissions Inventory Preparation Manual is now available to download from this website. Throughout the workbook the additional Particulate Matter (PM) species black carbon (BC) and organic carbon (OC) and the GHG methane (CH4) now included (as well as the main GHG CO2) to enable better air pollutant/GHG co-benefits analysis.

The workbook has been updated to the more recent Microsoft Excel 2007 platform. Users of earlier versions of Excel will need to upgrade to run this version of the manual.

Goto the Manual Download page

Latest Newsletter Published GAPForum Newsletter

September 2010

Download the PDF.

Previous newsletters are available here.

Newsletter Published GAPForum Newsletter

12 October 2009

Download the PDF.

Previous newsletters are available here.

UNEP Black Carbon Assessment - Two-day meeting at DEFRA, London, UK on 9-10 July, 2009

16 July 2009

UNEP has decided to undertake a comprehensive assessment of black carbon and, if possible, tropospheric ozone over the next twelve months. At the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum conference sponsored by UNEP and other international bodies (September 2008, Stockholm), a key conclusion was that early action on black carbon and tropospheric ozone could make a substantial contribution to reducing anthropogenic radiative forcing as well as reducing human health and other impacts when these substances act as air pollutants.

SEI, the Stockholm Environment Institute, based upon its experience of coordinating the GEO4 assessment chapter on "Atmosphere" and as one of the joint conveners of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum, will coordinate the black carbon assessment in collaboration with UNEP. There will be a Scientific Chair (to be confirmed at the London meeting) and a Vice-Chair (Prof. V Ramanathan) leading the assessment.

September 2009, click here for the presentations from the UNEP Black Carbon Assessment meeting.

Meeting of the Intergovernmental Network on Air Pollution in Latin America and the Caribbean

16 July 2009

The first Meeting of the Latin American and Caribbean Inter-Governmental Network on Air Pollution was carried out. In Panama City, Panama, 25-27 March 2009. This meeting was organized by the UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean, with the support of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum (GAP Forum).

On the first day a seminar was held with the participation of many governmental representatives and experts from organizations dedicated to the issue of air pollution, from Latin America and the Caribbean as well as from other regions. The seminar included various topics such as the global and regional trends in air pollution, its effects on health, , the transport sector and pollution, and biomass burning among other issues. The needs of the Latin American and Caribbean region were discussed.

Subsequently, the interventions of the representatives of the Latin American and Caribbean countries took place, where a series of priorities and actions were determined and decided to be carried out by the Network with the support of UNEP and the GAP Forum.

This meeting responds to the mandate of the XVI Forum of the Latin American and Caribbean Environment Ministers, which agreed to the establishment of the Intergovernmental Network on Air Pollution.

Global Forum welcomes new Eastern Africa Regional Framework

18 November 2008

The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum welcomes the successful completion of the Eastern Africa Regional Framework Agreement on Air Pollution (Nairobi Agreement-2008) at UNEP Headquarters in October 2008. This regional framework on air pollution in Eastern Africa brings together 11 countries - Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Kenya, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan, Tanzania, Uganda - to develop actionable targets to address air pollution in the following key areas: transport, industry and mining, energy, waste, vegetation fires, indoor air pollution, urban planning and management, and regional and national environmental governance. It also recognizes the linkages between air pollution and climate change, associated with the release of greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, methane, ozone), and the co-benefits of reducing air pollution in all sectors of the economy for greenhouse gas reduction.

The "Nairobi Agreement", agreed by 8 Ministers at the ministerial session, was the result of the Eastern Africa Sub-Regional Workshop on Better Air Quality in Cities. This was the latest meeting organized by the Better Air Quality (BAQ) partnership in Africa which includes: the Air Pollution Information Network for Africa (APINA), the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum (GAPF), Stockholm Environment Institute (SEI), the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) through the Partnership for Clean Fuels and Vehicles (PCFV), the United States Environment Protection Agency (USEPA)and the World Bank’s Clean Air Initiative in Sub-Saharan African Cities (CAI-SSA). The Nairobi meeting was also supported by the African Refiners Association (ARA). The GAPF in collaboration with APINA, UNEP and other BAQ partners in Africa also organized the Southern African policy dialogue that led to the Lusaka Agreement in March 2008, which was also agreed at ministerial level, and will be organizing similar events in West Africa and Northern Africa in 2009.

The Agreement and associated documents are available at:


The Royal Society reinforces Forum call for global action on ozone

25 October 2008

The Royal Society in the United Kingdom released an extensive new report calling for global action to control ground-level ozone for heath, crops, environment and climate. The report, entitled "Ground-level ozone in the 21st century: future trends, impacts and policy implications", includes a series of important findings and recommendations on approaches critically need to address the health, environmental and climate effects associated with ground-level ozone.

Among the many important report’s conclusions and recommendations are:
  • Once considered to be a local or regional scale issue, ground-level ozone has emerged as a global pollutant. A new regulatory approach designed to address ozone at the global, regional, and local scale is now needed.

  • Options for an international mechanism to provide a globally coordinated approach to air pollution issues, and ozone specifically, should be identified and evaluated. This should be led by a United Nations body such as the UNECE, or UN Environment Programme (UNEP) and should build on ongoing activities such as the EMEP, including its Task Force on Hemispheric Transport of Air Pollution, and work of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum.

  • Ground-level ozone remains a serious global air pollution problem despite the implementation of emission reduction measures in industrialised countries over the last 40 years. Anthropogenic emissions of NOX and nmVOC have declined in Europe and North America over this period leading to reductions in short-term peak ozone concentrations of typically 20–30 ppb in Europe. Over the same period measurements have shown the hemispheric background has increased by 2 ppb per decade to 35–40 ppb in the mid-latitudes of the Northern Hemisphere. The cause of the increase in background ozone is not fully understood, but is thought to be due mainly to precursor emission increases in Northern Hemisphere countries and increases in emissions from poorly regulated sectors including international shipping and aviation.

  • Climate change will however also have important impacts on surface ozone, especially at the regional and local scale… For example, in developing world regions such as large parts of Africa and Asia where emissions are projected to increase, air quality in 2050 will decline, in part due to climate change. In other regions with stricter controls in place, air quality will improve, although climate change will reduce the benefits of control measures.

  • Ozone is an important greenhouse gas, ranked third behind CO2 and CH4 in terms of direct radiative forcing of climate between 1750 and 2005. Future increases in ozone may lead to significant indirect forcing of the climate by reducing the global land carbon sink and amplifying the rate of increase of atmospheric CO2.

  • Better integration between the ozone (UNECE CLRTAP) and climate change (UNFCCC) international regulatory frameworks is necessary. Improved coordination between ground-level ozone and climate change policy and research initiatives is likely to have substantial co-benefits for both ground-level ozone and climate change policy objectives. As they share many of the same drivers and sources of emissions, there is clear advantage in developing coordinated emission reduction strategies. Reducing CH4 emissions, or emissions from deforestation, are obvious candidates. Climate change mitigation and adaptation strategies should be evaluated for their ground-level ozone impacts, and vice versa.

  • Improved coordination of ozone and climate change policy and research frameworks is required and should include:

    4.1 The UNECE, EU, and national governments to review the potential impacts of climate change on the achievement of medium (e.g. 2020) and long-term (e.g. 2050 and beyond) ozone policy objectives and revise air quality management strategies appropriately;

    4.2 An investigation into the policy interactions to be led by the UNFCCC secretariat together with the Executive Body of the CLRTAP. This should evaluate the mechanisms by which the UNFCCC and CLRTAP (and other regional air pollution bodies) objectives and targets could be better harmonised, and should include a review of the linkages between current and future policy and technological controls on greenhouse gases and other air pollutants over the period 2010–2050 and to 2100;

    4.3 A review by the European Commission of how EU policy (such as the NEC Directive, and climate change adaptation and mitigation policies) can be better integrated with the objectives of the CLRTAP;

    4.4 A study into the biogeochemical interactions between climate change, tropospheric ozone and other pollutants to be undertaken by the IPCC and CLRTAP.

  • For […2000] global yield losses [from ozone] were estimated to be $14–26 billion for the four staple crops; rice, soybean, maize and wheat. Ozone impacts on the yield of staple crops will increase over the next few decades in some rapidly developing regions. Significantly increased impacts of ozone are projected in South Asia where there is already evidence of substantial impacts on yield from ambient ozone concentrations which exceed those predicted from studies in North America or Europe. Ozone could present a significant threat to national food security in South Asia, particularly over the next two to three decades when emissions are projected to increase rapidly.

  • Application of the flux-based ozone exposure metric to a wide range of staple crops, food species and wild species of conservation importance, and use of this information to assist assessments of current and future ozone impacts in Europe and other regions with high ozone exposures. To be led by the UNECE International Cooperative Programmes (ICP) for vegetation and forests and the Global Atmosphere Pollution Forum.

  • Ozone is not yet treated as a global pollutant, however until policy frameworks are put in place to address the transboundary nature of ozone, national and even regional level controls are unlikely to achieve their policy objectives and the increasing trend in background ozone is likely to continue. All significant sources of anthropogenic emissions need to be integrated into abatement strategies. International shipping and aviation are currently poorly regulated in terms of ozone. Both sectors are projected to undergo rapid increases in growth in the future and to become more important contributors to ozone pollution unless regulation is strengthened and additional technology improvements implemented.

  • Ozone can no longer be considered to be just an air quality issue as the human health, environmental, economic and climate effects are now well established. Improved integration of ozone policy with policies aimed at reducing other air pollutants and mainstreaming of air quality policy into other policy areas such as climate, food, and energy policy is needed. The indirect and direct impacts of ozone on the climate system, and the role of climate in ozone production, destruction and transport processes, strongly support the need for better links between the UNFCCC, CLRTAP, and European Community climate change and ozone regulatory frameworks. Prevention of deforestation and regulation of biomass burning would make an important contribution to reducing both climate change and ozone pollution. Reductions in CH4, CO and nmVOC would deliver both air quality and climate change policy objectives.

  • Integrated assessment frameworks and other policy options [should] be further developed and applied in regions where they are not yet in place, for example in Latin America, Africa and across Asia. This should be coordinated by the UNECE.

  • The full report is available from The Royal Society at

Forum climate/air pollution co-benefits programme kicked off with successful conference in Stockholm

11 October 2008

The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum held a successful international conference, entitled “Air pollution and climate change: Developing a framework for integrating co-benefits strategies.” The conference was held at the Royal Swedish Academy of Engineering Science and the Grand Hotel in Stockholm 17-19 September 2008. It brought together leading scientists and policy makers, including experts from governments, international organizations, regional networks, academia, foundations, NGOs and industry.

This effort is part of a programme the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum is undertaking to examine the potential linkages and synergies between policies at various scales to jointly address air pollution and climate change. Steered by a distinguished international advisory committee, the conference was led by the UN Economic Commission for Europe Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution (LRTAP) and the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) on behalf of the Global Forum’s partner bodies, and was developed in consultation with the Secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC). It was funded primarily through a grant from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida), and developed in association with the Stockholm Resilience Centre.

Conference conclusions, programme and presentations are available to download here.

For more information on co-benefits, click here

Location: Stockholm


‘World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution’ published and available
28 April 2008

The highly anticipated World Atlas of Atmospheric Pollution has been published by Anthem Press and is now available to the public. Sponsored by the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum and the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA), the World Atlas is an important source of information for environmental professionals, scientists, consultants, city officials, air quality experts, industrialists, students, and policy-makers throughout the world. Each topic is presented in a way that makes it accessible to the non-expert as well as to the more informed reader. 

Special discounts are available to friends and associates of organizations and regional networks affiliated with the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum. (Further details here).

Forum welcomes new initiative for Air Pollution Network in Latin America
1 March 2008


At their biennial meeting in January 2008, the Forum of Ministers of the Environment of Latin America and the Caribbean formally agreed a proposal to establish an Inter-governmental Network on Air Pollution.  The Ministers made this decision on the basis of a proposal prepared by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC) , in consultation with senior national officials and with input from the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum.

  Click here for text of the final report of the Preparatory Meeting of Experts.

The proposal allows for the Network to:

- be established for an initial two-year period;
- undertake reviews of the air pollution situation in the region;
- assess and report on key regional air pollution issues;
- promote technical co-operation and burden-sharing;
- continue to collaborate internationally with the Global Forum and its member bodies; and
- report back to the next meeting of the Regional Forum of ministers in two years’ time.

Click here for the full text of the decision on atmospheric pollution or download as a PDF the full text of the decision on atmospheric pollution

The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum strongly supports this initiative, as it is consistent with the Forum’s commitment to support intergovernmental cooperation in Latin America and other regions. 

The aims of the Forum programme for Latin America are to: 

  • Support the development of action on regional air pollution in the continent;
  • Strengthen co-operation and capacity building among the states in the region, and between Latin American countries and other regional networks; and
  • Provide a route to assist the engagement of Latin American leaders in atmospheric science and policy to contribute to consensus building and collective action on hemispheric and global air pollution issues.

The identification of key issues and priorities for the work programme will be an early priority for the Network. The Global Forum stands ready to support the new initiative however possible and will continue to provide input, where appropriate, through its technical liaison at UNEP ROLAC. 

The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum’s Latin American partners include UNEP; the Clean Air Initiative – Latin America; and the Inter-American Network for Atmospheric/Biospheric Studies (IANABIS).


Forum awarded new grant to hold major international conference on climate and air pollution in 2008
4 January 2008

In December 2007 the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum was awarded a substantial grant from the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) to hold a major international conference on the co-benefits of controlling air pollution and greenhouse gases. The conference will be held in 2008. A location for the conference has not yet been determined.

The conference and Forum programme will focus on three major themes:

1. Towards optimizing integrated strategies for air pollution and climate change;

2. Potential regional, hemispheric and global frameworks for managing air pollution and their relevance to and interaction with the climate change community; and

3. Delivering co-benefits at urban, national and regional scales in developing regions.

This is the second major grant the Forum has received from Sida.

A background paper on the Forum climate co-benefits programme and planned conference is available to download here - Word | PDF .

Forum welcomes appointment of liaisons for Africa and Latin America
4 December 2007

The Global Forum is pleased to welcome the appointment by the UN Environment Programme (UNEP) of technical liaison officers for Africa and Latin America and the Carribbean.

Ms. Jane Akumu has been selected to serve as the Forum's technical liaison officer for Africa and Mr. Damaso Luna will hold the same position for Latin America and the Caribbean.

These appointments will be an important step forward in the development of intergovernmental air pollution networks for those regions, and more generally in developing the work of the Global Forum on regional air pollution.

Based in Nairobi, Ms. Akumu is an Associate Programme Officer with the UNEP's Urban Environment Unit. She is responsible for Urban Environment issues in Africa, including air quality monitoring and clean fuels and vehicles. Ms. Akumu will function as the Technical Liaison Officer for Africa, under the guidance of the Regional Office for Africa (ROA) and the Urban Environment Unit.

Mr. Luna serves as an advisor to the Director of the UNEP Regional Office for Latin America and the Caribbean (ROLAC) dealing with strategic planning, substantive preparation for meetings, and follow-up of decisions adopted by the Forum of Ministers of the Environment for Latin America and the Caribbean. He served as representative/negotiator for Mexico at international environmental negotiations on climate change, biodiversity and protected species. Mr. Luna is based in Panama.

Forum Press Release calls for international action on air pollution and climate
3 December 2007

The Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum calls for programmes that reduce emissions of pollution into the air – not only for the sake of climate

Today the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum warns the international community of the need to closely coordinate climate change programmes with those aimed at reducing air pollution.

According to the World Health Organization, over 800,000 people die prematurely each year because of exposure to unhealthy levels of outdoor air.  The Global Forum is concerned that, unless developed in tandem, policies designed to reduce harmful emissions of the pollutants that cause smog, haze and soot may overlook opportunities to reduce the pollutants that cause global warming – and vice-versa.  Developing policies to address both air pollution and greenhouse gases will provide important co-benefits—in the short-term by reducing the air pollution that is harming the environment and causing huge numbers of illnesses and premature deaths – and in the long-term for the abatement of climate change.  The Global Forum is an association of major international environmental organizations and regional networks from around the world that focus on reducing atmospheric pollution.

Commenting, Richard Mills, Director-general of the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations (IUAPPA), one of the co-founders of the Global Forum, said  “We need to reduce emissions of pollution into the air – not only for the future sake of our climate, but also for the sake of people breathing unhealthy air today and tomorrow.  Given the scarce resources available – especially in developing countries – it is critical that we develop cost-effective strategies that effectively address both climate change and air pollution.  Indeed, so close is the link between the two, that for many purposes – and certainly for abatement strategies – it now makes little sense to treat the two issues in isolation from each other.”

To ensure better co-ordination of the international efforts to address air pollution and climate change, the Global Forum recommends that governments and intergovernmental organizations explore opportunities for joint action on air pollution and greenhouse gas mitigation, taking as a point of departure the emerging scientific understanding of the interrelationships.

The Global Forum and its partner bodies are actively concerned with these issues.  Among the initiatives now proposed are:

1. Undertake information, education, and communication advocacies on the co-benefits concept to build a broad-based consensus among policy makers in the developing world on co-benefits approaches and principles;

2. Document and disseminate research on policies and technologies that support effective co-benefits strategies;

3. Develop and undertake co-benefits studies in Asia, Latin America and Africa; and

4. Use existing policy forums to promote co-benefits approaches and encourage and support the development of additional policy forums, where necessary, to promote co-benefits approaches.  The Global Forum, for example, strongly supports the Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities’ Better Air Quality Conference for 2008 which is designed to focus on “Scaling-up win-win solutions for urban air quality management and climate change mitigation in Asia.”

The Global Forum hopes that other organizations that would like to join in these initiatives to promote action to protect the health of millions of people in the developing world today, while helping secure the livelihoods of future generations.


The power plants, vehicles, factories and other industrial facilities that emit carbon dioxide and other greenhouse gases are also often major emitters of so-called conventional air pollutants, including sulphur dioxide, nitrogen oxides, particulate matter (PM), and heavy metals.  Cutting emissions of the conventional pollutants can provide immediate benefits to human health and the environment.  In addition to premature deaths, air pollution results in tens of millions of respiratory and other illnesses worldwide, severely affecting quality of life, reducing economic activity and reinforcing the cycle of poverty in many areas of the world. Those most vulnerable to air pollution include children, the elderly, and people with heart or respiratory disease. The poor are particularly at risk, having fewer opportunities to avoid exposure to damaging pollutants.  Air pollution also contributes to acid rain, damage to crops and ecosystems, and excessive nitrogen loadings into lakes and other water bodies.

Furthermore, climate change and air pollution have important synergistic effects.  Various conventional air pollutants, like ozone, nitrogen dioxide and particulate matter, can have an important influence on climate, while a warming climate can affect levels of air pollution.  Studies show, for example, that hotter climates will likely increase levels of ground-level ozone, a pollutant that is detrimental to health and damages crops.

Depending on the decisions made, certain solutions for one problem could exacerbate the other problem.  Because many developing countries are in the early stages of considering policies to address air pollution, and will likely be developing climate programs in the future, important opportunities exist to build in strategies that tackle both problems in a cost-effective way.  Commitment to climate change measures can be strengthened in many developing countries if they can identify other immediate benefits, as well.  Carefully chosen air pollution abatement policies can become a means of addressing climate change. 

In many parts of the world, the air pollution scientific and policy communities have a long history of developing successful policies and programmes.  For example  over the past three decades the UNECE LRTAP Convention developed several legally binding protocols to reduce transboundary contributions of sulphur, nitrogen, volatile organic compounds, heavy metals and persistent organic pollutants across Europe and North America. They have been or are currently being successfully implemented. 

However, for the most part, the climate change and air pollution communities have tended to operate in isolation from one another.  While there is a global Convention on Climate Change, there is not yet a corresponding global agreement on air pollution.  Under the global Framework Convention and the Kyoto Protocol, abatement of emissions of greenhouse gases is beginning to be viewed together with emissions of air pollutants, but governments are not yet treating the problems as being interlinked.  And while necessary action on greenhouse gases is hampered by political reluctance to agree on worldwide measures, many near-term solutions exist which can immediately cut both greenhouse gases and harmful air pollutants. Both short- and long-term objectives can be accommodated in joint programmes with significant advantages. 

Note for editors

Founded in 2004, the Global Forum works to bring together regional air pollution networks, international organisations and other stakeholders to develop policies to protect public health and the environment from the harmful effects of atmospheric pollution.  Partner organisations include the UN Environment Programme; the UN Economic Commission for Europe’s Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution; the Clean Air Initiatives for Asia, Sub-Saharan Africa and Latin America; the Air Pollution Information Network for Africa; and the Inter-American Network for Atmospheric/Biospheric Studies; the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations; and the Stockholm Environment Institute. The Forum is serviced by a secretariat at IUAPPA, Brighton, and the Stockholm Environment Institute at York, both in the United Kingdom.  The Forum is advised by an international panel of prominent experts.  For more information visit the Forum website at


In Bali:   Mr. Cornie Huizenga, Clean Air Initiative for Asian Cities, + 86 13901949332

Mr. Lars Nordberg, Global Forum International Advisory Panel, Stockholm, Sweden  +468 511 75 440

Mr. Jeff Clark, Global Forum secretariat, Brighton, United Kingdom +44 1273 878 785

Dr. Kevin Hicks, Global Forum secretariat, York, United Kingdom +44 1904 432 896

Download the Press Release (pdf) - [Click Here]

Forum calls on UNECE to play leadership role on regional, hemispheric pollution
16 October 2007

On 11 October 2007 the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum sponsored a side event and presented a major paper at the Conference for European Environment Ministers in Belgrade, Serbia. The Forum’s category 2 paper praised UNECE efforts to address transboundary atmospheric pollution to date, and included a number of recommendations calling on the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution to play a leading role in promoting global action on these issues. The Forum side event included presentations by Martin Williams, Chair of the Executive Body of the UNECE/LRTAP; Elisa Dumitrescu from UNEP in Nairobi; Jeff Clark from the Global Forum secretariat; and Richard Mills, Director-General of the International Union of Air Pollution Prevention and Environmental Protection Associations.

Click here for a copy of the presentations.

The presentations highlighted the serious global concerns associated with air pollution; provided an overview of the successes to date of the UNECE/LRTAP; and summarized the findings and recommendations of the Global Forum category 2 paper. The category 2 paper concluded that UNECE/LRTAP should play a leading role in promoting global action on transboundary air pollution by:

1. Promoting the infrastructure for inter-regional co-operation;
2. Promoting scientific and technical co-operation among regional groups;
3. Proposing partnership programmes with other regions to tackle urgent common problems; and
4. Using its expertise and experience to open international debate on the policies and institutions needed to address hemispheric and global atmospheric pollution.

Download the paper from the GAPForum Publications page.

Panelists at the conference
Forum papers presented

Forum highlighted at World Clean Air Congress '07
14 October 2007

Focus on the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum

At the 2007 World Clean Air Congress in Brisbane


The challenges facing the world community from atmospheric pollution at the regional, hemispheric and global scales, and the work of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum to promote action and debate on solutions to those challenges, were the focus of key plenary sessions of the World Clean Air and Environmental Protection Congress in Brisbane, Australia, in September 2007.

Photo of Gavin Fisher at World Clean Air Congress

A special session at the conclusion of the World Congress on 13 September featured a panel of leading international experts associated with the Forum giving presentations on various aspects of these challenges.  The session included important presentations from Lars Nordberg, former Executive Secretary of the UNECE Convention on Long-range Transboundary Air Pollution; Cornie Huizenga, the Executive Director of the Clean Air Initiative-Asia; and Dr. Johan Kuylenstierna, Director of the Stockholm Environment Institute Centre at York University, UK.   The panelists and Jeff Clark of the Forum Secretariat led a wide-ranging discussion with the Congress delegates on possible future priorities in seeking to protect and improve the atmospheric environment at regional and global scales.  Click here for a summary of the discussion


Click to download these presentations inf PDF format or right mouse click to save them

Building upon Existing Regional and Global Air Pollution Conventions

By Lars Nordberg Formerly Executive Secretary, Convention on Long-range Transport of Air Pollution

Promoting Effective Action on Air Pollution

By Cornie Huizenga, Interim Executive Director, Clean Air Institute-Asia


Improving technical cooperation and harmonization of good practices

By Dr. Johan Kuylenstierna, Director of the Stockholm Environment Institute Centre at York; and Joint Convener of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum


Emissions Manual Launched
3 2007

The GAP Forum is pleased to announce the availability of the Global Atmospheric Pollution Forum Air Pollutant Emissions Inventory Preparation Manual and its associated software (an Excel-based workbook). The manual was developed with the help of regional air pollutant emissions experts from Asia, Africa, Latin America and Europe who worked to compare current approaches to compiling emissions inventories and to develop consensus on good practice. It was jointly funded by the BOC Foundation (in the UK), the US Environment Protection Agency (US-EPA) and Sida (Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency), as part of its Regional Air Pollution in Developing Countries (RAPIDC) programme.
Click here to download the manual

Forum Newsletter Number 3.
2 2007

The latest edition of the Forum Newsletter is published.
Newsletter Number 3. September 2007

GAPForum Newsletter number 3


Taking stock of the Forum’s progresss
Forum receives major grant from Sida
First major Forum project completed: Harmonizing approaches for preparing emissions inventories
News from the Networks:
EANET, Malé Declaration, ASEAN
The LRTAP Convention

Global Forum Secretariat welcomes new member..

Download here: Newsletter 3 PDF

Forum Newsletter Published
15 June 2007

Latest GAP Forum Newsletter Mar 07 is now available to download from this website.
Please visit the publications page.

Major Sida Grant to Forum
12 June 2007

In November 2006 the Swedish International Co-operative Development Agency announced a grant of nearly $2 million to support the work of the Forum.

The grant is for a major programme of research and policy development on mitigating the impacts of air pollution on poverty, health and economic development in developing regions. The grant is over three years commencing November 2007.

The project will focus in particular on the impact of air pollution transported at regional scale, and will cover three principal areas: - the development of inter-governmental networks to address such pollution - technical cooperation and harmonization of good practice among regional air pollution organisations in key areas of air pollution assessment and management; - Consensus building and policy development among regional organisations on key issues in regional air pollution policy.

In addition to the International Union, lead participating organisations in the programme will include UN Environment Programme, the UNECE Convention on Long-Range Trans-Boundary Air Pollution, the Regional Clean Air Initiatives, the Air Pollution Information Network for Africa, the Inter-American Network for Atmospheric and Biospheric Studies and the Stockholm Environment Institute.

Initial development of the Forum has relied upon smaller grants from a number of organisations, including the BOC Foundation, Environment Canada, the US Environmental Protection Agency, and government bodies in Sweden and the United Kingdom.

Commenting on the award, Richard Mills, IUAPPA Director and Forum Joint Convenor, said:

" The International Union and its partners in the Forum are most grateful to Sida for this award. It recognises the critical importance of the issues with which the Forum is dealing - both for the global environment and for development – and confidence in the contribution which the Forum can make to tackling them, through bringing together all the key organisations dealing with regional air pollution."

Location: Stockholm
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  • November 2012 Emissions manual - update v5.

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